-- Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Artificial Insemination (AI) -- Placing
sperm into the vagina, uterus or fallopian tubes through artificial means.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) -- A relatively "low-tech" ART
which deposits washed sperm directly into the uterus, bypassing cervical
mucus and depositing the sperm more closely to the fallopian tubes,
fertilization occurs. Used to bypass hostile cervical mucus and to
overcome sperm count and motility problems.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) -- Literally means "in glass." Fertilization
takes place outside the body in a small glass dish.
Hysterosalpinogram (HSG) -- An x-ray of
the pelvic organs in which a radio-opaque dye is injected through the cervix into the uterus and fallopian tubes. This test
checks for malformations of the uterus and blockage of the fallopian tubes.
Endometriosis -- Growth of endometrial
tissue outside the uterus. The tissue may attach itself to the reproductive organs or to other organs in the abdominal cavity.
Each month the endometrial tissue inbreeds with the onset of menses. The resultant irritation causes adhesions in the abdominal
cavity and in the fallopian tubes. Endometriosis may also interfere with ovulation and with the implantation of the embryo.